Prostatitis is an inflammation of the prostate gland. This is the most common disease of the genitourinary system in men. Most often, prostatitis affects patients aged 30-50 years. The disease can be acute or chronic.
The main clinical signs of prostatitis are painful and difficult urination, pain in the pelvic area and the development of sexual dysfunctions. Diagnosis is made on the basis of anamnesis, interviews and examination of the patient, clinical picture of the disease and is confirmed with the help of additional laboratory and instrumental studies (bacterial culture of urine and prostate secretions, ultrasound of the prostate gland)
Classification of prostatitis
From the etiology, the following types of prostatitis are distinguished:
- not bacterial;
- bacterial (found in most cases).
Distinguish by flow:
- acute prostatitis;
- chronic prostatitis.
Causes of prostatitis
The main reasons for the development of the disease are:
- disorders of blood circulation in the pelvic organs;
- penetration of the infection into the prostate gland;
- trauma to the external genitalia and pelvic organs;
- increased load on the perineum muscles;
- irregular sexual life;
- delay in urination;
- hormonal disruption;
- sedentary lifestyle;
- frequent hypothermia of the body;
- bad habits;
- improper food;
- reduced immunity;
- the presence of foci of chronic infection in the body;
- constant stress, nervous strain;
- excessive sexual activity, interrupted sexual intercourse;
- inflammatory diseases of the urinary and digestive systems;
- chronic constipation;
Symptoms of prostatitis
The acute form of the disease begins to appear clinically with a sharp rise in body temperature. The patient has chills, general weakness, pain in muscles, joints, spine.
An uncharacteristic feeling of warmth and discomfort is felt in the perineum. A slight swelling is possible due to an increase in prostate size. The patient has a constant desire to urinate, the urine is cloudy.
When you touch the perineum at the site of inflammation, pain occurs, which intensifies when you press on the prostate. As the inflammation progresses, new symptoms appear.
The man feels pain in the genital area and in the lower back. The pain can be transmitted to other parts of the body. Night diuresis becomes more frequent, during urination the patient feels a burning sensation.
There are signs of intoxication of the body. In severe cases, sepsis may begin. This condition requires immediate hospitalization and urgent treatment.
Chronic prostatitis is asymptomatic in most cases. With exacerbations of the disease, symptoms such as pathological discharge from the urethra, the presence of blood in the semen, and pain during ejaculation may occur.
In addition, there may be excruciating pain in the area between the scrotum and anus. With an enlarged and untreated prostate, erectile dysfunction can develop.
Diagnosis of prostatitis
The main methods for diagnosing the disease are:
- taking the anamnesis, interviewing the patient (the doctor is interested when the symptoms appear for the first time such as frequent urination, pain in the lower back, perineum, what diseases the patient suffered in the past, if he had any surgery on the genitourinary organs, etc. in)
- analysis of reproductive function (does the patient have an erection in the morning and at night, what is the average duration of sexual intercourse, if there was erectile dysfunction, pain during ejaculation, etc. );
- examination of the genitals - determining the correctness of their development, the presence of pathological discharge from the urethra, signs of inflammation;
- digital examination of the colon - the doctor determines the degree of pain and stiffness of the prostate;
- Ultrasound of the prostate using a special sensor, which is inserted through the anus into the patient's rectum - one of the most informative diagnostic methods, with which you can take an image of the prostate and clearly see all the pathological changes;
- urine analysis (general, glass samples);
- blood test (general) - detect signs of an inflammatory process in the body;
- obtaining a secretion of the prostate with its subsequent study under a microscope - confirm the inflammation of the prostate and detect a violation of its function;
- taking a stain from the urethra followed by microscopic examination - determine the composition of the discharge from the urethra;
- bacterial culture of prostate secretion and urological staining in nutrients - to identify the type of agent causing prostatitis and the degree of its sensitivity to antibiotics;
- uroflowmetry - using a special device, determine the strength and speed of urination;
- PCR diagnosis - performed to detect STD;
- prostate biopsy with subsequent examination of biological material taken under a microscope - performed to rule out prostate cancer.
Treatment of prostatitis
The bacterial form of the disease is treated with antibiotics. The patient prescribes shock doses of antibacterial drugs. In acute prostatitis, treatment begins before the test results are obtained, as urgent measures must be taken.
In the chronic form of the disease, test results are expected and based on them the attending physician prescribes complex therapies. In addition to antibiotics, NSAIDs have been shown to relieve pain and inflammation.
Supportive treatment is indicated for chronic non-bacterial prostatitis. The patient is prescribed immunomodulators, strengthening drugs to stimulate the immune system. Physiotherapy (ultrasound, electrophoresis, magnetotherapy, laser therapy and a number of other techniques) has shown good results in the treatment of prostatitis.
The above methods of treatment will give temporary results only if the husband does not radically change his lifestyle. It is necessary to normalize the way of work and rest, get rid of bad habits, start eating properly and go to sports. It is very important to have a regular sex life in order to avoid stagnation of prostate secretions.
Folk remedies for prostatitis
Prostatitis can be cured at home, for this there are many recipes of traditional medicine tested in time. This disease should be in the initial or chronic stage, with a severe course of prostatitis, medications or even surgery can not be distributed.
Folk remedies for prostatitis increase the body's resistance and relieve pain, they are allowed to be combined with traditional methods of treatment.
With prostate inflammation in traditional medicine, the following remedies are used:
- pumpkin seeds.It has long been used by healers in the treatment of prostatitis. They are a good and very affordable folk remedy for this condition. Since these seeds contain a lot of zinc, which is necessary for every man at any age, they quickly cure prostatitis. You just need to eat 30 seeds a day before meals. This is exactly the daily proportion of zinc for the body.
- leh aspen;
- celandine.Cleanses the body of polyps, cysts and other neoplasms;
- chestnut.Improves blood circulation and blood flow from the prostate gland, increases testosterone production, relieves inflammation;
- hala pishe.Relieves inflammation and pain, soothes;
- burdock root.Contains a large amount of trace elements useful for the human body, tannins, essential oils, proteins, fatty acids, vitamins;
- HEARTImproves urination, relieves pain;
- hazelnuts (bark, leaves).Eliminates the inflammatory process in the prostate, strengthens the body as a whole;
- sage brush.An effective remedy for the treatment of all inflammatory diseases of the urinary tract;
- orchid tubers.
- kone hopi.For frequent urges to urinate, as an antiseptic and pain reliever.
- Take a tablespoon of hazelnut leaves (or peel) and boil it in a glass of boiling water. Close the lid tightly and wait half an hour. Then drain and take 1/4 cup 4 times a day.
- In addition to hazelnut peel, aspen peel also helps with prostatitis. Take it in the amount of 100 grams, grind a little and place in a half-liter jar. Pour 200 grams of vodka on top while pouring the rind completely. Close the jar with a lid and place in a dark place for 2 weeks. After this period, drain the infusion. The infusion is drunk 3 times a day, diluting 20 drops with a quarter of a glass of liquid. Take it before meals. With daily use, this volume of aspen bark infusion will last for 2-2, 5 months.
- To make rectal honey suppositories, you need to take 1 tablespoon. honey, 3 tbsp. flour, 1 egg. All the ingredients are mixed to form candles.
- Pine needles are used to make relaxing baths; for this, a concentrated infusion of pine needles is poured into a warm bath. In this case, the amount of water should cover the whole body. Admission time is 20 minutes.
- Horse chestnut can be obtained as part of other fees or separately. To prepare the soup, you need to take the peel of two fruits and put it in 500 ml of boiling water. Boil the medicine for 2 hours, remove from heat, cover, allow to infuse. You can also add some chamomile flowers while cooking.
Manner of application
To cure prostatitis yourself, you must have a great desire and will. Each medication should be taken systematically for a long time, often the course of treatment lasts at least three weeks. Home treatment always lasts longer than in the hospital, as mild agents are used for therapy.
Treatment of prostatitis with folk remedies should be accompanied by moderate physical activity. Gymnastics are presented: squats, leg raises and long walks in the fresh air. Simple exercises prevent the appearance of stagnation in the pelvic organs.
Prevention of prostatitis
The main measures to prevent the disease are:
- refusal of improper sex life;
- regular sex with a regular partner;
- use of barrier contraception during sexual intercourse;
- compliance with the rules of intimate hygiene;
- refusal of a sedentary lifestyle - physical education, walks in the fresh air;
- avoiding body hypothermia;
- proper nutrition - rejection of fast food and other junk food, inclusion in the daily diet of fresh fruits and vegetables, which contain vitamins and trace elements useful to the body;
- avoiding injuries and bruising of the genitals;
- refusal to take uncontrolled medication;
- rejection of bad habits;
- strengthening the body, strengthening immunity;
- avoid frequent prolonged overeating without ejaculation;
- regular cleansing of foci of chronic infection in the body;
- weight control, preventing the development of overweight;
- when the first suspicious symptoms appear, an immediate visit to a doctor will help identify prostatitis at an early stage, which will greatly facilitate subsequent treatment and help avoid the development of complications.